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Tet is the central and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam which is around late January or early February, depends on every year. It is also a celebration for family reunions and neglecting the troubles of the past year and dreaming about a greater upcoming year. This practice has grown to be sacred and secular and, therefore, wherever they may be or no matter the circumstances, family find approaches to get back to meet themselves.
Vietnamese consider Tet could be the national holiday that takes 3 days. However, in reality it is usually longer and split up into three periods, before New Year’s Eve, New Year’s Eve, as well as the Year. Many of these phases contain activities and customs are celebrated in Vietnam.
Before New Year’s Eve is often a period begins up to 2 weeks prior to actual celebration. There are many activities to do for example and also decorate the homes, try to pay all debts or everything borrowed before Tet, buy fresh clothes and presents for our relatives…
The typical atmosphere prior to Tet influences bustle of shopping, decorating your house, cooking traditional Tet food and looking forward to relatives to send back home. These days, the streets and finance industry is packed with people just because a large amount of commercial activity will cease throughout the celebrations; large Red, symbolizing all the best . and happiness is seen everywhere.
To brighten the home, Vietnamese people often display Ochna integerrima, peach flower, kumquat tree…within the lounge depending on locality. However, a lot of people also decorate their homes with bonsai and flower plants such as chrysanthemum, marigold symbolizing longevity, in Southern Vietnam and paper white flower, lavender, in Northern Vietnam.
Food preparation plays a serious role in Tet celebration. Each family cooks special holiday foods showing the need for food rolling around in its celebration. Many of the food is also eaten year-round, while other dishes are just eaten during Tet. Also, many of the meals is vegetarian as it is regarded as all the best . you can eat vegetarian on Tet. Some traditional foods on Tet are sticky rice (Banh chung), watermelon seeds (Hat dua), pickled onion and pickled cabbage (Dua Hanh), jam…Preparations for these foods are very extensive.
Quite a few worship rituals also occur in today. Because the legend goes, each year on December 23 in the lunar calendar, living rooms God takes a ride on the carp to the Heavenly Palace to generate a report on the affairs in the household on earth and then returns on December 30 to welcome the New Spring. So Vietnamese people often prepare an altar consist of incense, flowers, fruits, and foods to express farewell living rooms God. Sticky rice and salt will also be offered within the streets to the hungry ghosts who may be wandering in the neighborhood.
These Tet preparations often finish before New Year’s Eve. It does not take comfortable and interesting time for everyone when finishing Tet preparation, paying all debts or everything borrowed before Tet. Additionally it is some time all members in family gather to relish atmosphere of family reunion including deceased ancestors. Vietnamese feel that their deceased ancestors will look at the family to the holiday through worship of inviting the Ancestors. So that they cook a sumptuous meal to welcome back the ancestors having a worship altar contain flowers, fruits, candles, incense sticks and foods. Towards the end from the ritual, they’ll dutifully burn beautifully decorated paper tunics and clothes and even symbolic paper money – products which our ancestors will require in Heaven.
Inside the New Year’s Eve, Vietnamese people often prepare the closely family dinner, celebrate New Year’s Eve worship (Cung giao thua) and wait for the sacred moment from the passage through the old for the Year by viewing sparkling firework.
The start Tet starts for the first day of the lunar month. Traditionally, in the early morning in the first day, Buddhists go to their favorite pagoda; the Catholics check out a pre-midnight mass to wish for happiness, prosperity for his or her family in the Year. There’s also a tradition called "mung tuoi" (happy year) inside the north and "li xi" from the south. Usually, children wear their new clothing and provide their elders the standard Tet greetings before getting a red envelope.
Vietnamese people believe that the very first person involves their homes on the Year Day, who is known as the first-foot is essential. They are going to bring good luck or catastrophe for that Year, so people usually choose who definitely are their first – foot.
Presently, people attempt to avoid arguments, or saying any bad things. Sweeping is taboo, mainly because it symbolizes sweeping the luck away. It’s also taboo for everyone who possessed a recent loss in a family member to see other people during Tet.
During subsequent days, people visit visitors. Traditionally but not strictly, the second day of Tet is often available to friends, as the third day is perfect for teachers, who command respect in Vietnam.
Vietnamese Tet has many original practices with customs and entertainment which have distinct Vietnamese cultural characteristics. Despite the fact that being anywhere in the world, Vietnamese people bear in mind and keep these customs on Tet holiday. In the framework as soon as i’ve, several customs and practices are presented to ensure that readers can better view the traditional Tet of Vietnam.
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